LAUNCHES


Finally: first Angara lifts off


(09 Jul 2014) Russia has launched the first Angara rocket from the Plesetsk military cosmodrome. It is the first rocket designed in Russia from a scratch since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Development had started in 1992.

A Ministry of Defense statement said that the launch of Angara 1.2ML (also known as 1.2PP) conducted by Russia's Airspace Defense troops has been a success.

The ILV mission proceeded over the Russian territory along a ballistic trajectory in compliance with the approved timeline. Following the lift-off and the subsequent separation of Stage 1, the payload fairing was jettisoned during Stage 2 powered flight. Stage 1 and the fairing dropped into a targeted impact area in the southern part of the Barents Sea. 21 minutes after lift-off Stage 2 and the firmly attached mass/dimensional payload simulator reached the targeted impact area of the Kura Range on the Kamchatka peninsula 5,700 km away from the launch site.

The Angara-1.2ML ILV comprises two stages that are based on Common Core Boosters (URM-1 and URM-2), a payload mockup with a mass of 1.43 metric tonnes, and a payload fairing. The propulsion system runs on ecologically clean components, oxygen and kerosene. Angara-1.2ML ILV lift-off mass is approximately 171 metric tonnes.

The Angara LV family includes a range of light-, medium-, and heavy-lift launch vehicles based on generic modules. The Angara family will have the capacity to translate virtually the entire range of would-be payloads to orbits of the entire range of altitudes and inclinations including geostationary orbits. The modular principle supports the buildup of various launch vehicle classes by just using so many generic boosters: one for the light-lift, three for the medium-lift and five for the heavy-lift.

A prototype of Angara-1.2ML, URM-1 Common Core Booster, has seen three flight tests as part of KSLV-1, the first South Korean launch vehicle.

Russia is currently building a new cosmodrome, Vostochny, which will become the primary launch site for Angara rockets after its completion in 2017.

Reference: Khrunichev PR